Glossary of Terms

Placed on the market

The EU define this in their Blue Book (page 18 para 2.3) as:

‘Placing on the market is the initial action of making a product available for the first time on the Community market, with a view to distribution or use in the Community. Making available can be either for payment or free of charge.’
Therefore, it is not when the product is sold to the consumer but when it becomes available in the UK – it is manufacturered or imported.


Acronyms, jargon and general waste related terms

ABPO Animal By~Products Order 1999 – Replaced by (Amendment) (England) Order 2001
AD Anaerobic Digestion
ADR `Accord Europeen Relatif aux Transport International des Marchandises Dangereuses par Route` (European agreement concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods – CDG – by road)
ALANI Association of Local Authorities in Northern Ireland
APSWG Associate Parliamentary Sustainable Waste Management Group
AATF Approved Authorised Treatment Facility
ATF Authorised Treatment Facility
AWP Area Waste Plan
BANANA Build Absolutely Nothing Anywhere Near Anything
BATNEEC Best Available Technique (Not Entailing Excessive Costs)
BATRRT Best Available Treatment Recycling and Recovery Technology
BERR Department of Business Enterprise and Regulatory Reform (replaced DTI)
BFR Brominated Flame Retardants
BIS Department of Business Innovation and Skills (replaced BERR)
BMW Biodegradable Municipal Waste
BPEO Best Practicable Environmental Option (soon to be replaced with BO Best Option)
BPF British Plastics Federation
BREW Business Resource Efficiency and Waste programme
BSI British Standards Institute
BVPI Best Value Performance Indicator
CA site Civic Amenity (site) (see HWRC)
CATNAP Cheapest Available Technology Narrowly Avoiding Prosecution
CATNIP Cheapest Available Technology Not Involving Prosecution
C&D Construction & Demolition (e.g. C&D waste)
CDG Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road and Rail (Classification, Packaging and Labelling) Regulations 1994
CEN Comité Européen De Normalisation (European Committee for Standardisation)
CFC Chlorofluorocarbon
CHEM Container Handling Equipment Manufacturers
CHIP Chemicals (Hazard Information and Packaging for Supply) Regulations (CHIP 3 2002)
CHP Combined Heat and Power
CIO Consumer Information Obligation (Packaging)
CIPFA Chartered Institute of Public Finance and Accountancy
CIWEM Chartered Institution of Water & Environmental Management
CIWM Chartered Institution of Wastes Management
COPA Control of Pollution Act (1974) Control of Pollution (Amendment) Act 1989
COSHH Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations (2002) rplcd (1999 Regs)
COSLA Convention of Scottish Local Authorities
COTC Certificate of Technical Competence
CSR Corporate Social Responsibility
CV Calorific Value
DCF Designated Collection Facility (WEEE)
DEFRA Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
DGXI Directorate General of the European Commission responsible for the Environment
DOC Duty Of Care – (Environmnetal Protection (DOC) Regs 1991 and (England) (Amendment) Regs 2003)
DOENI Department for the Environment Northern Ireland
DSO Direct Service Organisation
DTS Distributor Takeback Scheme (WEEE)
EA Environment Agency
EB Environmental Body
EEA European Environment Agency
EFW Energy from Waste
EHO Environmental Health Officer
EIA Environmental Impact Assessment
ELV End of Life Vehicles (Directive 2000/53/EC) (Regs 2003)
EMAS Eco-Management and Audit Scheme
EMS Environmental Management System
ENTRUST Landfill Tax Communities Fund administrator
ENCAMS Environmental Campaigns (was Going for Green and Tidy Britain Group)
EPA Environmental Protection Act (1990)
ESA Environmental Services Association
ETSU Energy Technology Support Unit
EWC European Waste Catalogue
FEL Front end loader (waste collection truck)
FOE Friends of the Earth
Frag Fragmentised Waste (from the motor trade industry)
HDPE High Density Polyethylene
HHW Household Hazardous Waste
HSE Health & Safety Executive
HWRA Household Waste Recycling Act (2003)
HWRC Household Waste Recycling Centre
IBA Incinerator Bottom Ash
ICE Institute of Civil Engineers
IMT Institute of Municipal Transport
IPC Integrated Pollution Control
IPP Integrated Product Policy
IPPC Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control
ISWA International Solid Waste Association
IVC In Vessel Composting
IWM Integrated Waste Management/Institute of Wastes Management pre Charter
LA Local Authority
LAPC Local Air Pollution Control
LARAC Local Authority Recycling Advisory Committee
LATS Landfill Allowance Trading Scheme
LAWDC Local Authority Waste Disposal Company
LCA Life Cycle Analysis
LCF Landfill Communities Fund
LDPE Low Density Polyethylene
LGA Local Government Association, Welsh LGA
MRF Materials Recovery Facility (or Recycling or Factory)
MSW Municipal Solid Waste
NAWDO National Association of Waste Disposal Officers
NFFO Non Fossil Fuel Obligation
NGO Non-Governmental Organisation
NHHWF National Household Hazardous Waste Forum
NIEA Northern Ireland Environment Agency
NIMBY ‘Not In My Back-Yard’
NISP National Industrial Symbiosis Programme
NOF New Opportunities Fund
NVQ National Vocational Qualification (or Scottish)
NWAI National Waste Awareness Initiative
ODS Ozone Depleting Substance (e.g. refrigerants)
OECD Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development
OJEU Official Journal of the European Union
OMA Operator Monitoring Assessment
OPRA Operator Pollution Risk Appraisal
PAS Publicly Available Standard
PCB Polychlorinated Biphenyl (s)
PERN Packaging Waste Export Recovery Note
PET Polyethylene Terephthalate
PFI Private Finance Initiative
POM Prescription Only Medicine
PP Polypropylene
PPC Pollution Prevention and Control Act (1999) (Regulations 2000) beware many amendments after 2000
PPE Personal Protective Equipment
PR Producer Responsibility
PRN Packaging Recovery Note
PS Polystyrene
PVC Polyvinyl chloride
QMS Quality Management Systems
QUANGO Quasi Autonomous Non-Governmental Organisation
RAGS Recycling Advisory Group, Scotland
RCV Refuse Collection Vehicle
RDA Regional Development Agencies
RDF Refuse Derived Fuel
RECOUP Recycling Of Used Plastics
REL Rear End Loader
RIA Regulatory Impact Assessment
RIDDOR Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995
ROC Renewables Obligation Certificate
ROHS Restricting Of Hazardous Substances in product manufacture
RoRo Rolonof/Roll-on Roll-off, demountable container system
ROTATE Recycling and Organic Technology Advisory Team (WRAP)
SEPA Scottish Environment Protection Agency
SSA Standard Spending Assessment
SWAG Scottish Waste Advisory Group
TAC Technical Adaptation Committee
TFS Trans Frontier Shipment
TPA tonnes per annum
UBC Used Beverage Can
VCU Vertical Composting Units
VOC Volatile Organic Compound
VRQ Vocationally Related Qualification
WAC Waste Acceptance Criteria
WAG Welsh Assembly Government
WAMITAB Waste Management Industry Training & Advisory Board
WCA Waste Collection Authority
WDA Waste Disposal Authority
WEEE Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Regulations
WET Waste and Emissions Trading Act (2003)
WFD Waste Framework Directive 75/442/EEC
WID Waste Incineration Directive (2000/76/EC)
WIP Waste Implementation Programme
WRAP Waste and Resources Action Programme

Obtained from CIWM website.